Posted by American Heart Association News on Sep 14th 2020

Journey through the History of CPR

Journey through the History of CPR

Link to the video (3 Minutes Long)

For those who are hearing impaired, we have included all the text from the video.

The hands of time turn swiftly as progress in saving lives marches on. Join us on a journey through the history of CPR.

Our story begins in 1740 as the Paris Academy of Science recommends mouth to mouth resuscitation for drowning victims.

More than a century later doctor Friedrich Moss performs the 1st documented chest compressions on a patient.

Then in 1903 Doctor George Crile reports the 1st successful use some external just compressions to revive a patient. Another step forward is taken when doctors James Elam and Peter Safar modernized the technique for mouth to mouth resuscitation. Just a few years later work begins on the recessi Ann Manikin developed by Asmund Laredal, Dr. Safar and Dr. Beorn Lind. The training aid is introduced in 1960 that same year CPR itself is developed, and CPR is formally endorsed by the American Heart Association in 1963. Three years later the 1st CPR guidelines are published by the National Academy of Sciences National Research Council. Then in 1972 the world's 1st mass CPR training program begins in Seattle certifying more than 100,000 people in a first 2 years. Not long after 911 operators in King County Washington begin giving CPR instructions over the phone. A practiced now in use nationwide. And in 1983 the American Heart Association convenes a national conference to develop CPR guidelines for children and infants. The decade of the 1990s sees the start of programs to put automated external defibrillators in public places. And in 2005 the American Heart Association develops CPR any time for family and friends allowing anyone to learn CPR in just 20 minutes. Then in 2008 the American Heart Association goes on to introduce hands only CPR. Today we stand on the threshold of new progress, and CPR techniques will be further refined. Lives will be saved as the history of CPR for marches on.